Ground water recharge zonation mapping and modeling using Geomatics techniques
Author(s)- Binay Kumar, Uday Kumar
Availability of groundwater varies spatially and temporally depending upon the terrain. The scarcity of water affects the environmental and developmental activities of an area. Continuous failure of monsoon, increasing demand and over exploitation leads to depletion of ground-water level. This problem could be sorted out to certain extent by artificially recharging the potential aquifers. Construction of small water harvesting structures across streams/watersheds is gaining momentum in recent years. In the present study, potential sites for construction of rainwater harvesting structures in the Lower Sanjai Watershed of Kolhan Division of Jharkhand have been identified using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Since the study area comprises of hard rocky basement of Precambrians/Archaeans, the intersection zones of lineaments provides potential avenues for ground water accumulation and ground water recharge.