Tag: supply chain management

Recent Articles-AJMR

An analysis of the relationship between firm integration and supply chain orientation
Author(s)- Abu Bakar Abdul Hamid, Inda Sukati

ABSTRACT

Supply chain management has become an important issue in any business organization.  Organizations are facing increasing competitive pressure with respect to prices, delivery, quality, variety and innovation of products and services. In order to respond to these challenges, organizations require an integrated supply chain.  The purpose of this research is to present the relationship between firm integration and supply chain orientation and supporting technology as moderating that relationship. The data collection instrument used was a questionnaire which was administrated to a total sample of 400 executive officers, directors, presidents, vice presidents, managers, and senior staff in fourteen South Sumatra areas. The response rate was 71% while 62% was usable questionnaires. Sample selection was based on convenience sampling. The data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and correlation between independent and dependent variables. The analyses involved statistical methods such as reliability and validity tests and multiple regressions.  The results indicated that internal firm integration is related to customer orientation, competitor orientation, supplier orientation and logistic orientation. Firm-supplier integration is related to logistic orientation, operation orientation and value chain coordination. Firm-customer integration is also found to be related to all supply chain orientation components. The moderating influence of supporting technology on the internal firm integration and firm-supplier integration and supply chain orientation was not demonstrated. However, the moderating influence of supporting technology on the firm-customer integration and supply chain orientation did exist.

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Recent Articles- AJMR

Economic Contribution and Analysis of Supply Chain of Tongan Squash Pumpkin Industry

Author(s)- Suwastika Naidu, Anand Chand

ABSTRACT

Agriculture is the most crucial sector in the South Pacific Island Countries and similarly in Tonga it plays a pivotal role in economic growth and development.  In particular, the export of squash pumpkins from Tonga to Japan is one of the few successful stories of agricultural export from the South Pacific Island Countries.  During 1990s, the squash pumpkin industry uplifted the Tongan economy from negative growth to a 5.4% growth in 1999 (Asian Development Bank, 2005, as cited in Kautoke-Holani, 2008).  This demonstrates the greater economic importance of squash pumpkin industry in Tonga.  The squash pumpkin industry further contributes to the Tongan economy via its backward and forward linkages in the supply chain.   Against this backdrop, this paper will examine the economic contributions of the squash pumpkin industry in Tonga.  The paper will also analyse the supply chain of the Tongan squash pumpkin industry.

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Recent Articles-AJMR-Deriving ‘Perishable delivery package’ for medium size retailers

ABSTRACT

Large corporate like Reliance Ltd., Bharthi Retail, ‘Tata Chemicals -Total Produce’ venture and many major chain shops have entered the Vegetable and fruits retail market. They have the infrastructure to expand rapidly across metro and suburban area. They also have cold storage facilities to buy in bulk and store for longer period than medium retailers in suburbs. Major suppliers of vegetables and fruits to Chennai suburban medium perishable produce retailers faced high delivery costs and unpredictable sales orders . Suppliers and farm cooperatives preferred large corporate. Due to this , the medium retailers faced erratic deliveries. To overcome the problem, Orthogonal design for  ‘Perishable delivery package’  was developed and Conjoint analysis carried out to determine highest rated Perishable delivery package. The importance value of ‘Type’ (Pack ratio) was found to be highest (42.64) followed by Price (importance value = 20.75). Simulation with the ‘Type’ keeping ‘Price’ constant showed that veg8020 Type (80% vegetables and 20% Fruits) with Price of Rs.50,100, No Return of Rotten stock policy and 15 day credit period was the most preferred ‘Perishable delivery package’. The total utility value of this package was 6.124. This was presented to all the suppliers and was accepted as the default Perishable delivery package. This study gives invaluable insights to Marketing Manager, Brand Manager and Supply chain Managers.

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